Marcus Elieser Bloch’s significance as ichthyologist and his famous fish collection
Summary: The life work of Dr. Marcus Elieser Bloch (1723-1799) is an early base of the modern ichthyological nomenclature and systematics. It is distinguished by the detailed descriptions (among many new species) and by the outstanding illustrations, mostly of large-sized coloured copper plates. Compared with other authors, Bloch’s work does not contain many compilations. It is based mainly on his own scientific fish collection. Once, this collection comprised about 1400 specimens. About 800 of them are still available representing worldwide the largest still existing ichthyological collection of the 18 century. On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of Bloch his collection was revised and their restoration was started.